Лексические единицы по теме: “Appendicitis” по методике “case-метод”
3.1 текст “In the operating room”, упражнения к тексту
Now, take the first text. (case-method). Ask each other the new words.
Give English equivalents.
appendicitis [əˏpendiˊsaitis] n – аппендицит
iflammation [ˏinfləˊmeiʃn] n – воспаление
appendage [əˊpendiʤ] n – придаток
surgeon [ˊsə:ʤən] n – хирург
laxative [ˊlᴂksətiv] n – слабительное (средство)
purgative [ˊpə:gətiv] n – очищающее, слабительное
Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, which is small, finger-like appendage on the intestine. The patient has pain in the abdomen, the middle of the abdomen to begin with, which later settles in the lower part on the right side.
There is tenderness in the right lower abdomen. This is usually accompanied by fever, and often vomiting.
It is important to consult the surgeon as soon as possible, and till then nothing should be given by mouth – no food, water or medicine, and certainly no laxative or purgative.
Упражнение 1. Скажите по-английски:
воспаление аппендикса, кишечник, боль в брюшной полости, сопровождается лихорадкой, хирург, как можно быстрее, лекарство.
Упражнение 2. Назовите основные симптомы аппендицита.
текст “Appendicitis”, упражнения к тексту
The second text. Repeat after me.
ambulance [ˊᴂmbjuləns] n – машина скорой помощи
abdominal [əbˊdɒminl] a брюшной
appendicitis [əˏpendiˊsaitis] n аппендицит
gown [gaun] n халат
glove [glᴧv] n перчатка
anaesthesia [ˏᴂnisˊθi:zjə] n – анестезия, обезболивание
scalpel [ˊskᴂlpəl] n скальпель
to last [la:st] v продолжаться
successful [səkˊsesful] a удачный
In the operating-room
I saw some operations during my practice in the operating-room. Yesterday an ambulance brought a man to our hospital. The patient felt a severe abdominal pain. The doctor diagnosed appendicitis.
The patient was prepared for the operation and put on the operating-table. The doctor washed his arms and hands, dried them on a sterile towel, put on the gown, and the gloves. The assistant gave the patient anaesthesia. The nurse gave the surgeon a scalpel and he began the operation. It lasted for about an hour and was successful.
Ask each other the words and word combinations.
Упражнение 1. Переведите на русский язык следующие слова и словосочетания:
during my practice; an ambulance; felt a severe abdominal pain; diagnosed appendicitis; a sterile towel; put on the gown; the gloves; gave him anaesthesia;a scalpel; lasted; was successful
(What … do? What … put on? Why … a sterile towel?)
The doctor washed his hands, dried them on a sterile towel, put on the gown and the gloves.
Упражнение 3. Составьте и напишите предложения из следующих слов; затем расскажите их, не глядя в тетрадь:
in, saw, room, operating, I, operations, some, the
before, doctor, arms, the, washed, operation, the, his, hands, and
the, gave, to, scalpel, nurse, a, surgeon, the
successful, operation, the, was
текст “Acute appendicitis”, упражнения к тексту
The third text.
to be in good health – быть здоровым
fever – жар, озноб
a sharp pain – резкая боль
abdominal – желудочный
severe – очень сильный
acute – острый
to last – длиться
a nurse – медсестра
a ward – палата
to fall asleep – заснуть
daily round – ежедневный обход
to remove – удалять
sutures – швы
A man, aged 30 years, who had always been in good health, fell ill with fever, vomiting and sharp abdominal pains. He decided to consult a physician and went to the dispensary. When he came there the pain in the right abdomen became very severe. The doctor who saw him at the dispensary diagnosed acute appendicitis and immediately sent him to the hospital. The surgeon who was on duty that day took him into the operating – room at once.
The doctor’s assistant gave the anaesthetics, and the operation began. It lasted half an hour. After the operation when the nurses brought him to the ward, he fell asleep and slept for some hours. When he woke up no longer felt any bad pain and looked much better.
In the morning when the surgeon was making his daily round he examined the patient and found him in a good condition. The pulse was normal and of good tension. The patient kept the bed for five days, then he began to walk about. On the seventh day the sutures were removed and ten days after the operation the man was discharged from the hospital.
Упражнение 1.Составьте собственные предложения, используя данные слова и выражения:
to be in good health, to fall ill, fever, vomit, pain, doctor, diagnose, medicine, to feel better, to be in good condition.
Упражнение 3. Вставьте вместо точек необходимое слово:
Mum: Why does she have to stay for the whole week here?
Nurse: That’s because after each even minor surgery, we keep an eye on general condition of the patient. We need to make sure that she doesn’t have fever or any other complaints. We are here to provide first aid in case there are any problems.