Can the theory of social stratification explain the structure of modern Russian society? In today’s world, the issue of social stratification is considered to be a matter of common concern. Under the influence of socially-economic and political reforms in Russia there have been great changes, the structure of Russian society has undergone significant changes. First, it is necessary to define social stratification. Social stratification is one of the basic concepts of sociology, denoting the system of signs and criteria of social stratification, position in society. The problem of social stratification has been studied by many scientists, such as Max Weber, Pitirim Sorokin and others. And now this issue is of concern to modern researchers.
As for me, I believe that, the theory of social stratification can be used to explain modern Russian society. As an argument, we can refer To Weber's theory. He believed that the destiny of the individual is not so affected class, as the status position on the market. According to M. Weber, class and status positions are resources in the struggle for power. Thus, he emphasized the status, prestige and power as criteria of social stratification. It should be noted that in modern times, the same criteria are used to explain the features of social fragmentation.
However, there exists another point of view on this issue. For example, modern scientists consider such a criterion of social stratification as the level of education and income.
Taking into account all of the above, I still remain in my opinion. Theories of social stratification of the past are applicable in the present, only they require a somewhat expanded range of criteria. In my opinion, the number of these criteria depends only on the imagination of scientists themselves.
Однако существует и другая точка зрения по этому вопросу. Например, современные ученые рассматривают такой критерий социальной стратификации, как уровень образования и доходов.
Принимая во внимание все вышесказанное, я все же остаюсь при своем мнении. Теории социальной стратификации прошлого применимы в настоящем, только они требует несколько расширенного спектра критериев. На мой взгляд, количество этих критериев зависит лишь от фантазии самих ученых.