Российская академия наук


ANXIETY AS THE INDICATOR OF THE PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL CONDITION OF LONG-LIVERS OF APSHERON PENINSULA



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ANXIETY AS THE INDICATOR OF THE PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL CONDITION OF LONG-LIVERS OF APSHERON PENINSULA.

F.M. Bagirova, Ch.Y. Kasumov

Institute of Physiology n.a. A.I.Karayev, National Academy of Scienses, Baku, Azerbaijan, тел.(+99412) 432-39-35, e-mail: physiolog_81@hotmail.com


In modern biomedical research a particular emphasis on studying the health of centenarians, in particular, one of the main issues is the elucidation of the mechanism of active longevity. From this point of view, Azerbaijan is known for its longevity and tradition that can enhance longevity. However, every year the number of centenarians is decreasing and the reason for this is the number of factors, such as adverse environmental conditions, genetic factors, emotional stress, etc.. In today's current psychophysiological studies is the study of anxiety, since it is regarded as a psychophysiological state that contribute to a person several neuropsychiatric disorders and psychosomatic diseases.

The aim of our work was to study the characteristics of psychophysiological state of centenarians Absheron. To assess the psycho-physiological condition centenarians were respectively applied the following tests: test of Ch.D.Spilberger and I.Y.Hanin and test of D.Teylor. Through the method of the survey, using the test and Ch.D.Spilbergera I.Y.Hanina, self-test on a scale determined by situational and personal anxiety in centenarians. Application the test of D.Teylor designed to measure the level of general anxiety, as the survey was carried out by using a scale of personal anxiety. Studies have been done on the oldest old (people aged 90 years and over) living in the North, West, Central and Southern parts of the Absheron Peninsula. Testing lasts 15-30 minutes. We found that all surveyed centenarians Absheron low situational both moderate and high trait anxiety. The dominant of the majority of centenarians Absheron had high levels of general anxiety.

Our results, we explain the various features of adaptive-compensatory to the peculiarities of living.

Estimating the characteristics of psychophysiological state of longlivers of Absheron, we concluded that all types of anxiety are associated with a wide range of cognitive, affective and behavioral characteristics and longevity is one of the parameters determining their stress durability.



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