Российская академия наук


SIMULATOR FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF MOTOR SKILLS, COORDINATION AND MEMORY, BASED ON THE HAND-CLAPPING GAME



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Дата10.12.2019
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SIMULATOR FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF MOTOR SKILLS, COORDINATION AND MEMORY, BASED ON THE HAND-CLAPPING GAME

Muretova M.E. 1, Nikitin D.A. 1, Svechinsky A.S. 1, Filippov S.A. 1,Filatova E.V. 2

1Lyceum of Physics & Mathematics № 239, St. Petersburg, Russia, badger_mur@mail.ru, 2Sechenov Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Using the simulators is one of the most productive methods of development and recovery of motor skills. However, work on the simulator, accompanied by a monotonous repetition of the same movements and requires serious motivation and organization, making it difficult to use simulators in pediatric practice. Given the psychophysiological features of children, we have created a robot-gamer that provides training arms and shoulders. Using the algorithm of multilevel games, memory training is also achieved. The robot-simulator is a mechanical automated feedback system. Main part of the robot consists of two hand-manipulators. Four degrees of freedom allow each arm to imitate the movements of human hands. Training exercises are performed in the form of playing «hand clapping» game. To facilitate communication with children robot is designed as a doll with movable head and legs. Robot can play in different modes. In the simple mode, the robot puts forward his right hand, left hand or both hands together. Robot can also memorize and play back any sequence of clap. For more serious training coordination and memory, we have created a multilevel mode with different sequences.

Robot reports errors using sound card. Game speed can vary. Healthy volunteers of different ages are offered a number of tests with a different sequence of hand claps. Duration of the game, necessary for proper playback of the sequence and the number of errors is estimated. There was revealed the dependence of the estimated parameters on the age groups. We suppose that this simulator can be useful for development motor skills, coordination and memory of healthy children. Moreover this robot can be useful for the recovery of motor skills, coordination and memory after injuries.



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