A.A. Nikitina1, V.A. Ataeva1, O.S. Kurlaeva2, A.G. Bochkareva1
1Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia,2 Pro-gymnasium № 1661, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
The preschool and primary school periods are very important for children because of their psychological and physical development. The improvement of writing skills are inextricably connected with mechanisms of the voluntary regulation of movements (Bezrukikh M.M, 2008).The purpose of the study is to identify specific features of psychophysiological development and the development of writing skills. The researches were conducted in pro-gymnasium No. 1661. 6-6.5 year’s children were examined before starting school and then the same children in the first grade. We estimated of motor programs learning, automation and execution of serial movements, visual- and audiomotor reactions with psychophysiological tests. The obtained data were compared with writing successes. Additionally performed anthropometry and functional tests for estimated of cardiorespiratory system.
Children, with low results in writing, can’t perform graphics tests properly. It was detected the difficulties in different motors programs, increased tremor, insufficient kinetic organization of movements. Computer tests showed a reduction of sensor-motor coordination and interference immunity. 56% of children showed reduced moving reaction in computer tests. Most of them had writing difficulties. This is related with insufficiency phonemic hearing and eye coordination. The slow-motion activity reduced ability to replay rhythms and reciprocal motor coordination. This can indicate insufficiency of interhemispheric interaction. All these problems are more evinced among children with neurological disorders in early period, and/or with problems of posture, cardio-respiratory system and excess body weight.It is difficult to these children to maintain an extending static position during their lessons, and as a result decrease of attention, efficiency, tiredness. Reduced processing of visual, auditory and kinesthetic information leads to reading and writing problems, dyslexia and dysgraphia. Some children with a good level of preparation for school overcome learning difficulties due to their health. It was shown the deterioration of their cardiorespiratory tests.