Российская академия наук


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Pankova O. F. Tambovtseva R. V.

Chair of psychiatry and medical psychology of the Russian state medical university, chair of biochemistry and bio-energetics of sports of the Russian state university of physical culture, sports and tourism. Russia, Moscow, o.f.pankova@mail.ru, ritta7@mail.ru

The psychophysiological effect of effect of alcohol isn't always unambiguous and changes depending on age of a drinking, general condition of an organism and nervous system. Gradually being shown and accruing appeal of alcoholic intoxication is connected by unconscious, psychological motivation of the appeal to wine, in those desires and requirements which the person tries to satisfy. The most frequent in this case is the desire to have fun and lighten mood, a justification of binge by complexity of life, transfer of the conflicts in the irreal plan, their illusory permission which is directed on creation and maintenance of a required emotional condition for satisfaction of this or that actual requirement. The subsequent acceptance of alcohol, changing a condition of an organism and nervous system, creates an unusual psychophysiological background on which psychological expectations are powerfully projected. From the psychological point of view it is a question not of need for alcohol as that, and of requirement of experience of the state of intoxication bearing rather difficult, active and mediate character. It is possible to assume that the supervaluable relation of drinking people to alcohol can't be accepted only proceeding from euphoria. The person looks for in wine considerably bigger, than a condition of euphoria. The psychological reasons are covered first, in those opportunities (illusory) satisfactions of desires and a resolution of conflicts which the state of intoxication gives for is long drinking person who learned to get rid in this condition of the unresolved problems, and secondly, in those psychological and social conditions which push it on this way.

Illusory and compensatory activity, alienating the person from problems of reality, gradually transfers the center of internal aspirations to other, irreal world which grows more and more roots, arranged with new attributes and there is in the semantic relation more significant and attractive, than a real world.

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