PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL TRAINING AS A TOOL OF FORMING PROFESSIONAL MANAGERS’ STRESS RESISTANCE
State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education ‘Chelyabinsk State Pedagogical University’, City of Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation, marina-vetсhova@mail.ru
Recent years have marked a growing interest to studying the peculiarities of managerial activity and forming professional managers’ stress resistance. The research works show a tendency for a more thorough analysis of individual typological and psychophysiological predictors of the personality, and dynamics of their development during the individual’s life activity (A.I. Krupnov, A.E. Pyatinin).
The latest works in this area have marked an interest for studying and analyzing stress resistance formation, and pointing out stress factors in managerial activity (H. Lindemann, I.V. Perminova, S.I. Samygin). The following stress factors are distinguished in psychological and psychophysiological research: informational load factor, informational indeterminacy factor, responsibility factor, time deficit factor, interpersonal conflict factor, and intrapersonal (role) conflict factors. An entity’s external environment factors can be even more influential in their power of affecting a personality in professional managerial activity, such as: competition factors, factors of asocial environment’s influence on entities’ activity, factors of instability of macrosocial and macroeconomic dynamics of society development. Any component of external environment, under certain conditions, may become a stress factor as they are virtually impossible to predict.
When considering the negative effect of stress on managerial activity, modern researchers distinguish the following forms of coping with stress condition: changing the psychotraumatic situation; controlling (self-controlling) one’s emotional state. The psychophysiological state determining the subject’s functioning is reflected in the emotional state and the personality’s success in professional management area in general.
For the purpose of achieving optimal results in managerial activity, a psychophysiological training session was developed. It helps form the ability to affect one’s psychoemotional state on one’s own, by means of certain exercises and methods. Underlying the exercises recommended in this technique are autogenic training (self-suggestion) methods, massage of biologically active spots, specialized types of gymnastics, neuromuscular relaxation, ideomotor training, musical influence, psychological self-regulation, etc.
Thus, psychophysiological training session will enable a certain degree of compensation of the discrepancy between psychological (psychophysiological) features of a personality and the requirements of the area chosen, and will also help form the personality’s stress resistance in its further managerial professional activity.